Arsh Syed, Real Estate Agent & Founder at Real Estate in Toronto

Real Estate in Toronto – REIT

Discovering the best of Toronto's real estate, from downtown condos to suburban family homes

How does the relationship between interest rates and inflation affect the future of consumers?

Interest and inflation
Today we will talk about high interest rates and factors as well as the impact that they have on consumers.

Interest Rate

The amount a lender charges a borrower is called an interest rate, and it is expressed as a percentage of the principal, or the borrowed amount. Typically, a loan’s interest rate is known as an annual percentage rate.

The policy interest rate, commonly known as the overnight rate target, is the main tool the Bank of Canada uses to manage inflation. Many of the interest rates that Canadians care about are determined by this benchmark. The Bank of Canada’s benchmark interest rate is currently 2.5% and BOC is expected increase its target for the overnight rate to 3¼%, with the Bank Rate at 3½% on September 7, 2022.

Overnight Rate

The overnight rate is rate is 2½%, with the Bank Rate at 2¾% and the deposit rate at 2½%. The overnight rate is set by the central bank and is determined based on market conditions. The overnight rate is the primary tool used by the Bank of Canada to influence the economy.

Target Range

The Bank of Canada has set its goal rate of inflation control at 2%, with a possible range of 1% to 3%. The inflation objective is described as the rise in the overall consumer price index from one year to the next (CPI).

Market Conditions

Market conditions are the factors that affect the overnight rate. These factors include economic indicators, inflation, and the exchange rate. The bank of Canada monitors these conditions closely and adjusts the overnight rate accordingly.

Interest Hikes

Interest rates have been rising steadily over the past few years. In fact, they’ve increased by about 1% per year since 2009. As a result, many Canadians are finding themselves in a situation where their monthly payments are higher than what they were just a few years ago. If you’re looking to buy a house, you may want to consider buying before interest rates rise even further. That way, you’ll get the best deal possible.

Mortgage Insurance

Mortgage insurance is a type of insurance that’s designed to protect lenders if borrowers default on their mortgages. MI is offered by private mortgage insurers, and it’s mandatory for anyone who borrows money to purchase a property worth $500,000 or less. You pay a premium each month, and then you don’t need to worry about paying off your loan until it reaches its full term. However, if you do end up defaulting on your mortgage, the lender will take back ownership of the property and sell it at auction. At that point, you’ll owe them the amount of money you borrowed plus any accrued interest.

Down Payment Assistance Programs

If you’re having trouble coming up with enough cash to put down on a house, you might want to look into government-backed programs. The Home Buyers’ Plan, or HBP, allows Canadian homebuyers to boost their down payment by withdrawing up to $35,000 and $70,000 for couples from their RRSP account, and offer financial help to first-time homebuyers who qualify.

Bank of Canada Rate Announcement Dates 2022

The last time the bank announced an increase in its key interest rate by 100 basis points on July 13, 2022, bringing the central bank’s policy rate to 2.50%. 

The Bank scheduled rate announcement dates for 2022:

• Wednesday, September 7

• Wednesday, October 26  

• Wednesday, December 7

The Bank of Canada 2023 schedule for the release of its policy interest rate decisions and quarterly Monetary Policy Report.

• Wednesday, January 25

• Wednesday, March 8

• Wednesday, April 12

• Wednesday, June 7

• Wednesday, July 12

• Wednesday, September 6

• Wednesday, October 25

• Wednesday, December 6


According to the market estimate for Canadian mortgage rates as of September 2022, the central bank will raise interest rates on mortgages by an additional 1% in 2022, from 2.50% to a high of 3.50%.

Mortgage rates have been trending lower since the beginning of 2019. But in fact, mortgage rates are up from the historically low years of 2020 and 2021. In September 2022, the BoC may end its aggressive rate hiking cycle with a 0.75 percentage point increase. However, the BOC is not expected to make any changes until at least October 2022.

Average Canadian household debt

The Canadian household debt reached a staggering US$2,116.3 billion in April 2022. According to the latest reports, the Canadian household debt accounted for 105.1 % of Canada’s Nominal GDP in March 2022. Household debt in Canada increased to 180.02% of gross income in 2022.

Home prices change due to changes in interest rate

If you got a mortgage for $200,000 over 30 years at a fixed interest rate of 4%, your monthly payment would be $954.83. This amount does not include property taxes or home insurance.

In August of 2022, the average house price in the Greater Toronto Area was $1,079,500, up 1% over the previous year.

The average price of a condo in Canada was $732,500 in August 2022. That’s up from $725,000 last month.

In 2019, the price of farmland in Canada was estimated to be $3,245 CAD per acre on average. At a cost of $11,446 per acre, farmland in Ontario was the most expensive in the country.

– The most current statistics provided by the Toronto Regional Real Estate Board (TRREB) indicate that the average cost of a square foot of industrial real estate in the Greater Toronto Area was around $322. The average price for commercial and retail real estate was $337.89. The cost of each square foot for office space came to $398.23.


– Inflation is the increase in the price of goods and services over time. When inflation occurs, prices rise due to increased demand. Prices tend to go up if the supply of a particular good or service decreases. If the supply increases, then prices tend to decrease.

– Deflation is the opposite of inflation. Deflation refers to a decline in the price of goods or services. A deflationary environment tends to occur when the supply of a particular product rises.

– Hyperinflation is a term used to describe situations where the rate of inflation is extremely high. This is often associated with countries experiencing hyper-inflations.

– Stagflation is a situation where both inflation and unemployment are at their highest levels. Stagflation is characterized by slow economic growth and rising prices, while the number of unemployed people continues to climb.

– Depression is a period of prolonged low economic activity. Depressions are usually caused by a lack of consumer spending, which results in less production and fewer jobs.

– Recessions are periods of economic downturns. Recessions are typically caused by excessive borrowing and lending, which causes a chain reaction of financial problems.

– The business cycle is the cyclical pattern of economic activity. The economy goes through different cycles throughout its history. These cycles consist of expansions, recessions, and depressions.


If you have been considering Buying, Selling, or Renting your home or have avoided the notion due to a negative experience, let Arsh Syed, a Real Estate Agent in Toronto, manage the deal. 

His experience and understanding have been indispensable. He desires Toronto’s housing crisis to improve. He wants to establish relationships and spread the word about his exceptional service, increasing the likelihood that renters and property owners would place their faith in him.

Arsh wants property owners to know that by hiring him, they are drastically reducing risks, saving time and saving money.

For further information about his services, please visit or contact (416) 844-2217

For more interesting blogs, please visit:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *